The legal system

The Federal Republic of Germany is a democratic constitutional state that guarantees stable laws, the protection of liberties, and equality before the law. This is essentially ensured by the Basic Law, as the principles of a democratic constitutional state are enshrined in the constitution. The German supreme court, namely the Federal Constitutional Court, monitors maintenance of these rights and the preservation of justice. In Germany the administration of justice is divided into five branches: ordinary, labor, administrative, social and financial courts. In a normal case there are three higher tiers that can re-assess court decisions. The plaintiffs and the accused can appeal against a court ruling. Thereupon the litigation goes before a “higher” court and a ruling is handed down. Not until the third level has been reached is there no longer any right of appeal and the litigation thus comes to an end.


Justice is passed down by some 20,000 independent judges who are bound only to the law and are, as a rule, appointed for life. They may not on principle be removed from office. Moreover there are some 5,000 public prosecutors in Germany and more than 150,000 lawyers. Many legal systems in other countries are based on that of Germany. The internationally recognized high level of legal stability attracts foreign companies and is to the benefit of investments and entrepreneurial activity in the country.