Business & innovation

Industry 4.0: the economy in Germany is fast en route to the digitalised future
Industry 4.0: the economy in Germany is fast en route to the digitalised future Ole Spata/dpa

A strong hub

Germany is the world’s fourth-largest economy, highly innovative and has a strong focus on exports. The future lies in Industry 4.0.


EXIST In the form of three programmes EXIST, the funding scheme launched by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), is aiming to improve the start-up climate at higher education institutes and non-university research institutions. As such, in comparison with other countries Germany has put excellent basic conditions in place for the seed stage. A novelty: Since 2015 EXIST funding has also been open to young technology-oriented Israeli academics who wish to found a start-up in Berlin.

dpa/Wolfram Kastl - Startups
dpa/Wolfram Kastl - Startups
Germany offers start-ups a good infrastructure and lots of funding opportunities. Berlin is regarded as Europe’s start-up capital and also attracts lots of international young entrepreneurs.
Germany is shaping the future of industry: a fourth industrial revolution.
Container như là biểu tượng của toàn cầu hóa: Cảng Hamburg thuộc những cảng trung chuyển lớn
Container như là biểu tượng của toàn cầu hóa: Cảng Hamburg thuộc những cảng trung chuyển lớn Jörg Modrow/laif
Germany is highly interlinked with the global economy. Every second euro is earned by exports.
Alexander Koerner/Getty Images
The German economy centres around four strong industrial sectors. Small and medium-sized enterprises are its heart.
Thomas Köhler/Photothek via Getty Images
Germany is one of the most sustainable industrial countries. Companies are committing to their social responsibility.


Corporate tax rates

Since the mid-1990s there has been an international trend towards falling ­corporate tax rates. Germany has long since not been among the high-tax countries. In comparison with ­other countries, if anything, it even has below-average tax and welfare contribution levels. The average overall tax burden for companies is less than 30 percent. On account of the locally variable trade tax rate, in some regions in Germany it is below 23 percent.

Ute Grabowsky/Photothek via Getty Images
The German labour market features high employment levels and a low unemployment rate. The dual training system is an export success story.


Largest company

Volkswagen, 592,586 employees
Biggest bank

Deutsche Bank, 98,138 employees
Most important stock market index

Deutscher Aktienindex (DAX)
Largest trade fair grounds

Biggest aircraft manufacturer

Airbus, Hamburg



Internet service providers and other organisations from 60 countries are linked up to DE-CIX. In terms of data throughput, the Internet hub in Frankfurt am Main is the largest in the world. In 2015 data throughput reached the 4-Terabit-per-second mark for the first time. After Marseille (France), Palermo (Italy) and Dallas (USA), the DE-CIX operator is now setting up a hub in ­Istanbul (Turkey).

The New York Times/Redux/laif
German business is squaring up to a fourth industrial revolution. The Federal Government is driving digital change.


Career Compass Germany

Created in 2015, the app provides extensive information in German and English about opportunities for training, studying and working in Germany. The app is aimed specifically at young people abroad and gives them an opportunity to familiarise themselves in-depth with all manner of issues. Topics such as corpor­ate culture in German companies as well as helpful guidance with applications are included. There are more than 200 links to associated sites.

Jan Woitas/dpa
A short overview of further information on the topic of Business and Innovation, plus associated links.

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