Germany maintains diplomatic relations with 195 countries and has a global presence with 227 missions, 153 of them embassies. Germany has permanent representatives at 12 international organisations.
Germany assumes responsibility in multilateral organisations such as the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), the North Atlantic Alliance (NATO), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the European Council, the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
German Armed Forces
Following an internal reform the German Armed Forces now has around 180,000 active soldiers, of which 21,000 are women. In 2018, a total of 3,700 members of the German Armed Forces were deployed to missions in 14 different crisis areas.
Experts in conflict prevention
The Centre for International Peace Operations trains civilian specialists for missions in crisis regions and provides experts.
Foreign policy think tanks
Important foreign and security policy research institutes include the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP), the German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA), the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF), the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy (IFSH), and German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP).
The foundations closely associated with the German political parties CDU, CSU, SPD, The Left party, Alliance 90/The Greens, and FDP have offices worldwide. With federal funds, they promote dialogue and development in partner countries.