The state & politics

The Reichstag Building in Berlin has been the seat of the German Bundestag since 1999. Sir Norman Foster designed the glass dome.
The Reichstag Building in Berlin has been the seat of the German Bundestag since 1999. Sir Norman Foster designed the glass dome. picture-alliance/Daniel Kalker

New Tasks

The Federal Republic of Germany is a value-based, vibrant democracy with a diverse political landscape.

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was what Germany’s federal budget deficit came to in 2017. While expenditure totalled 325.4 billion euros, ­revenue amounted to 330.4 billion 
euros. For the fourth year in succession, in 2017 central government assumed 
no new debt. This was thanks above 
all to higher tax revenues generated by the robust economy.

Nikada/Getty Images
Germany is a parliamentary democracy. Its constitutional bodies are the Bundestag, the Bundesrat, the Federal President, the Federal Government, and the Federal Constitutional Court.


Largest federal state
North Rhine-Westphalia (17.9 million inhabitants)
Highest individual federal ministry budget
Labour and Social Affairs 
(137.6 billion euros)
Largest Bundestag committee
Economic Affairs and Energy (49 members)
Highest turnout
1972 election to the Bundestag (91.1 percent)
Largest parl. party
CDU/CSU (246 MPs)
Topics such as managing immigration, strengthening social cohesion and advancing digitisation are on the Federal Government’s agenda.
David Baltzer/Zenit/laif
Political party work is the classic way to become involved, but lots of young people exploit opportunities to participate in local citizens’ groups.
Andreas Pein/laif
The memory of the crimes committed by the Nazis and of the injustice of the system in the German Democratic Republic is kept alive by numerous memorials in Germany.



In many German and European cities, “Stolpersteine” (stumbling stones) placed in the ground remind passers-by that Jewish citizens who were ­persecuted, murdered, deported, or driven away by the Nazis, once lived or worked in the buildings outside which the stones are placed. The approximately 10 by 10-centimetre ­cube-shaped concrete blocks have a brass top with an inscription in ­memory of the victim bearing his or her name and biographical data.

Election results are generally very closely watched. And underpinning those results are very sophisticated mechanisms which justify the faith Germans put in their electoral system.
Soeren Stache/dpa
A short overview of further information about the state, politics, contemporary history, plus associated links.
Germany has a new head of state. The Federal Convention has elected former Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier as German President.
The German constitution protects the basic rights of every person in Germany. These rights are watched over by Germany’s highest judicial instance, the Constitutional Court.