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A modern country at the heart of Europe

Germany is a liberal, democratic country with a tumultuous history.
  • More immigration

    At the end of 2014, 81.2 million people lived in Germany. That was 430,000 more than in 2013. This growth is primarily the result of immigration.

  • Great diversity

    20.3 percent of people (16.4 million) in Germany have a migrant background. Of them, 9.2 million hold German passports.

  • High life expectancy

    Never before have people in Germany lived as long as they do today. The average life ­expectancy for women is 82 and for men 77.

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The Germans elect a new parliament every four years. The delegates make decisions together about the laws to be applied in Germany.
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There are many important issues and projects on the agenda for Germany’s Federal government.
  • Energy reform

    Germany wants to leave the age of fossil fuels and nuclear energy behind. It is committed to fostering renewable energies through the “energy reform”, as it is known. The last nuclear power station is due to be decommissioned in 2022.

  • Digital agenda

    Digital networking is changing the world. The German government wants to play an active role in this transformation. This not only revolves around technology, but also issues such as freedom, digital self-determination, and democracy.

  • Family

    Helping families with children is an important concern for the German government. This means, for example, enabling men and women to balance work and family life.

  • Foreign policy

    Germany enjoys close international relations with a broad network of countries. Together with its partners, Germany endeavours worldwide to achieve peace, democracy, human rights, and security.

  • The Constitution

    The written Constitution comprises 146 articles, including the fundamental rights of citizens. Article 1 guarantees the inviolability of human dignity and emphasises the legally binding nature of basic rights.

  • The Electorate

    Men and women aged 18 and over may vote in general elections. For elections to the city parliaments, for example, some federal states allow those aged 16 and over to vote.

  • Committed Europeans

    In Germany, one of the founding members of European ­integration, the EU is often rated more positively than negatively. As a glance at the „Eurobarometer“ shows.

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Across the world 15.4 million people currently study German as a foreign language.
  • Joachim Gauck has been Germany’s Federal President since 2012; his role is primarily a representative one
  • Dr. Angela Merkel has been German Chancellor since 2005 and is the head of government
  • Sigmar Gabriel has been Federal Foreign Minister since 2017.
  • Flag

    Black, red, and gold are the colours of the federal flag. Fans like to show off these colours at national sports teams’ games.

  • Federal eagle

    The symbol of the German state is the federal eagle. You’ll encounter it often – on coins and sports shirts.

  • Currency

    Since 1 January 2002 the euro has been the sole currency in Germany. You can also use it in 18 other EU member states.

  • National holiday

    3 October 1990 is a very important date in German history. It was on this day that East and West were reunited after four decades of being divided. This is some­thing Germans celebrate every year.

  • Domain

    The “.de” domain is the most widespread in Germany and the most popular country-specific domain worldwide. The international dialling code for ­Germany is +49.

  • Capital city

    With 3.4 million inhabitants, Berlin is Germany’s biggest city and has been the capital since 1990.

  • Rhine

    865 km

    The Rhine is Germany’s longest river. Its source is in Switzerland, and it flows all the way to Rotterdam in the Netherlands on the North Sea coast.

  • Zugspitze

    2,962 m

    There’s nowhere higher in Germany – the Zugspitze is the country’s highest mountain peak. The mountain lies in the eastern Alps.

  • Mainland coast

    1,200 km

    Many people like to holiday on the North Sea and Baltic Sea coasts. ­Germany’s biggest island goes by the name of Rügen and is located in the Baltic Sea.