The portal with up-to-date statistics, facts and information about Germany

  • Federal Foreign Minister Steinmeier (left) and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
    Federal Foreign Minister Steinmeier (left) and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon epa/Andrew Gombert
    A short overview of further information about foreign policy, plus associated links.
  • Hans Wiedl/dpa
    With regard to demographic developments there are three clear trends in Germany: a low birth rate, rising life expectancy, and an aging society.
  • Georg Knoll/laif
    German cuisine and German wines are among the finest Europe has to offer. Regional and healthy dishes are particularly in vogue.
  • Old manuscripts from Timbuktu (Mali) are being preserved and researched thanks to Federal Foreign Office funding
    Old manuscripts from Timbuktu (Mali) are being preserved and researched thanks to Federal Foreign Office funding picture-alliance/abacapress
    The foreign cultural relations and education policy relies on exchanges and its cultural heritage preservation programmes to lay sound foundations for relations to other countries.
  • With a monthly child allowance, the state specifically promotes families – pre-school childcare provision has been broadened
    With a monthly child allowance, the state specifically promotes families – pre-school childcare provision has been broadened Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images
    A dense web of state insurances protects citizens against existential risks. The tradition of the welfare system goes back to the 19th century.
  • Thomas Koehler/Photothek via Getty Images
    The German research landscape has an international focus, is well networked and open to academics from abroad.

Germany is a value-based, democratic, economically successful, and cosmopolitan country. The democratic parties compete against one another – but they also have mutual respect for one another and form coalitions at various political levels. Together, the people in Germany have made the gradual fusion of east and west Germany, a major issue since 1990, into a success story.

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Germany is a parliamentary democracy. Its constitutional bodies are the Bundestag, the Bundesrat, the Federal President, the Federal Government, and the Federal Constitutional Court.

The primary objective of German foreign policy is to ensure peace and security in the world. Since the end of the East-West conflict, new opportunities and challenges have emerged for German foreign policy. On the basis of its multilateral relations, Germany has accepted the increased responsibility it has been accorded since reunification in 1990.

The 2015 G7 Summit: European and global issues were on the agenda under the German G7 Presidency
The 2015 G7 Summit: European and global issues were on the agenda under the German G7 Presidency Michael Gottschalk/Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung
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Germany is one of the founding European Union member states and even in difficult times supports European cohesion.

Germany is the largest economy in the European Union (EU) and the fourth largest in the world after the USA, China, and Japan. The German economy has its great innovativeness and strong focus on exports to thank for its competitiveness and global networking.

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The German economy centres around four strong industrial sectors. Small and medium-sized enterprises are its heart.

Internationally, Germany leads the way in climate protection and is a pioneer in the development of renewable energy sources. With the changes to the energy sector, referred to as the Energy Reform, Germany is leaving the age of fossil and nuclear energy clearly behind it and heading fast for a future that hinges on sustainable energy sources.

Offshore wind farms in the North Sea are the main pillars of the Energy Reform
Offshore wind farms in the North Sea are the main pillars of the Energy Reform Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg via Getty Images
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Germany has been promoting renewable energies since as long ago as the 1990s. The Energy Reform is intended to lead to the supply of electricity predominantly from regenerative sources.

Germany is well positioned as an academic hub. The reforms of recent years have taken effect, research has a more international focus than ever before. With numerous measures and reforms, the government and higher education institutions took the initiative to advance Germany as a hub of knowledge and place it on a more international footing.

Thomas Ernsting/laif
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Germany consciously invests in research and science and has an excellent research infrastructure. The major research organisations enjoy a worldwide reputation.

With some 81.2 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous nation in the European Union. The modern, cosmopolitan country has developed into an important immigration country. A good 16.4 million people in Germany have a migratory background. Germany is now among those nations with the most liberal immigration rules. 

Minister of State Aydan Özoğuz is the Federal Government Commissioner for Migration, Refugees and Integration
Minister of State Aydan Özoğuz is the Federal Government Commissioner for Migration, Refugees and Integration Martin Stoever/Bongarts/Getty Images
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Germany has become a popular destination for immigrants; integration is an important topic. There are 16.4 million people with a migratory background living here.

Germany’s reputation as a major cultural nation rests on the great names of the past, such as Bach, Beethoven and Brahms in music, Goethe, Schiller and Thomas Mann in literature. Moreover, there are exceptional examples of German Modernists in all art genres. It bears noting that the country has  embraced outside influences and developed a new narrative. 

Berlin is considered the startup capital, among young entrepreneurs, too
Berlin is considered the startup capital, among young entrepreneurs, too Marko Priske/laif
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The German creative industry is a growth sector with great potential. It has an especially strong presence in the big cities.

A love of nature and cities alike, healthy food and gourmet restaurants, a strong sense of tradition and a cosmopolitan mind-set – Germany is one of the countries with the highest standards of living in the world. The 2014 United Nations’ Human Develop-ment Index (HDI) puts Germany sixth out of a total of 187 countries.

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German cities do very well in the urban quality of life rankings. More and more people want to live in an urban environment, which is impacting on rents and real estate prices.

Germany’s path to a liberal constitutional democracy and a functioning parliamentary system involved many historical ruptures: particularism in the early years of the Modern age, the failure of the March Revolution and the Weimar Republic through to the “flaw in history” caused by National Socialism. Unity and liberty, key concepts since the 19th century, also occupied Germans during the nation’s division after the Second World War. Not until reunification in 1990 was the “German issue” resolved.

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Farewell to the German question – Looking back at the long journey West.

The Federal Republic of Germany lies in the heart of Europe and is a cosmopolitan, democratic country with a great tradition and a lively present. Germany is the European Union’s most populous nation with 81.2 million inhabitants. Facts and figures at a glance.

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Germany is a federation. The federation and the 16 Länder (states) each have areas of re-sponsibility of their own.