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Research and innovation

Germany is making major investments in research and development, and boasts global connections as a centre for science.

Forschung und Innovation
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Vernetzte Wissenschaft

Networking Academia

The German research landscape has an international focus and is well networked and open to academics from abroad.
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Insight

Outstanding achievements

How Germany is fostering scientific advances, which institutions are helping to shape the research landscape, and where particularly elaborate projects are being implemented.

Ambitionierte Spitzenforschung
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Ambitious Cutting-Edge Research

Germany consciously invests in research and science and is setting itself ever new objectives at the same time.

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Außeruniversitäre Forschung
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Non-university research

Large organisations with international reputations help shape the face of German research. Their global connections are outstanding.

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Faszinierende Großforschung
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Fascinating Big Science

Germany offers outstanding infrastructure for research using major instrumentation – from X-ray radiation sources to particle accelerators.

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Gesundheitsforschung

Strong networks: Health research in Germany

Health research aims at finding the causes of common and infectious diseases, working directly with patients to do so.
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Facts and figures

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Studenten
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390 higher education institutions
The German higher education world offers excellent prospects even beyond the big cities.
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Hörsaal Studenten
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2.9 million students
More than half of young people in Germany now study for a university degree.
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Mikroskop
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104.8 billion euros for research and development
Germany is one of the few countries that spends more than three percent of its GDP on research and development.
Around 400,000 researchers
International researchers currently account for 12 % of academic personnel in Germany.
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Max-Planck-Institut
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86 Max Planck Institutes
The MPIs are dedicated primarily to basic research.
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Fraunhofer-Institut
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74 Fraunhofer Institutes
At Fraunhofer, the focus is on applied research.
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Leibniz-Gemeinschaft
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95 research institutions in the Leibniz Association
The fields covered by the Leibniz Institutes range from engineering to humanities.
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Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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19 research centres in the Helmholtz Association
Fields of research: energy, earth/environment, health, key technologies, materials, transport and space.
 Aussenwissenschaftspolitik

Research and Academic Relations Policy

Germany accords importance to academic cooperation in its foreign policy too. Here, interaction with crisis regions plays a special role.
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1995
1995
1995
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1995
At the Fraunhofer Institute in Erlangen, a team headed by electrical engineer and mathematician Karlheinz Brandenburg develops the MP3 process for compressing audio data, which is nowadays standard throughout the world.
2008
2008
2008
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2008
Nine years after the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance effect, which led to the breakthrough of gigabyte hard drives, the German Peter Grünberg and the Frenchman Albert Fert are awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
2012
2012
2012
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2012
The European Patent Office honours Heidelberg physicist Josef Bille, the inventor of the eye laser, for his lifetime achievement. With almost 100 patents, Bille paved the way for present-day eye surgery using lasers.
2014
2014
2014
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2014
Stefan Hell, a Director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, together with two US researchers receives the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing high resolution fluorescence microscopy.
2019
2019
2019
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2019
The Joint Science Conference involving the Federal and state governments resulted in a resolution on a package of measures to give a definitive boost to research and teaching in Germany: With the “Future Contract for Strengthening Study and Teaching”, the “Innovation in Higher Education Teaching” agreement, and the continuation of the “Pact for Research and Innovation”, the donors aim to invest more than 160 billion euros over the next ten years.