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Germany and Europe

Germany is strongly helping shape the future of the European Union - for example in terms of foreign and security polity or as regards digitization and climate protection

Fahnen Deutschland und Europa
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Germany – Strong Partner in the EU

The cohesion of the European Union forms the basis for the Member States’ peace, security and prosperity. As one of the founding EU Member States, German actively advocates “more Europe”.

EU Green Deal Windenergy
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Europe’s Green Deal

The European Union’s “Green Deal” provides a masterplan for a just transition to a sustainable, climate-friendly future.

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Frau mit Europaflagge
Advocate of European integration

Germany is one of the founding European Union member states and even in difficult times supports European cohesion.

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Olaf Scholz, Emmanuel Macron
Franco-German friendship – a driving force

Germany and France share an eventful history. As partners they feel themselves particularly responsible for the future of Europe.

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The five EU countries with the most inhabitants

m. (Source: Eurostat)
Germany Off germany 83
France Off france 67
Italy Off italy 60,4
Spain Off spain 46,9
Poland Off poland 38

The four biggest countries in the EU

km² (Source: Eurostat)
Biggest countries
France Off france 633186
Spain Off spain 505944
Sweden Off sweden 438574
Germany Off germany 357376

The five largest economies in the EU

bn euros (Source: Eurostat)
Germany Off germany 3344
France Off france 2353
Italy Off italy 1765
Spain Off spain 1202
Netherlands Off netherlands 774

Germany’s five most important trading partners in the EU

bn euros (Source: Destatis)
Trading partners
France Off france 172
Netherlands Off netherlands 190
Italy Off italy 125
Austria Off austria 110
Poland Off poland 123

The five biggest contributors in the EU

bn euros (Source: EU Commission) *Since 2020 no longer a member of the EU.
Germany Off germany 25,27
France Off france 20,57
Italy Off italy 15,22
Spain Off spain 10,31
Great Britain * Off united-kingdom 13,46

Facts and figures

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Römische Verträge
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EU founding member in 1957
Germany was one of the six founding-states of the then EEC.
Climate-neutral Europe by 2050
The EU has set itself the target of becoming the first climate-neutral continent.
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Deutsch-Französische Truppe
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17 EU deployments
The EU is working towards security and stability worldwide with deployments of around 5,000 personnel.
80.9 billion euros
This is the sum made available for the new EU programme “Horizon Europe” for research and innovation.
Fields of political action

Shaping Europe’s future

Germany supports even more intensive European cooperation when it comes to foreign and security policy, not to mention research, digitization and climate protection.

Joint European action

With regard to foreign and security policy, Germany champions a united stance. 

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ESA Darmstadt
European answers to questions concerning the future

Europa has ambitious goals when it comes to climate protection. The European partners also intend to shape digital transformation and the future of research together.

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European Union Training Mission (EUTM) Mali
German security policy in the framework of the EU

With its missions, the EU contributes to peace and stability the world over. Germany makes an important contribution to it.

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EU External Action
The EU and its partners

The European Union maintains close and friendly ties with its neighbours.

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The most important steps along the path to a united Europe and other significant stages of the partnership.

Römische Verträge 1957
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The European unification process begins. The signing of the Treaties of Rome by Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands marks the foundation of the European Economic Community (EEC).

Wahlplakate 1979
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Europeans vote together. The Members of the European Parliament, which sits in Strasbourg and Brussels, are directly elected for the first time. They had previously been delegated by the national parliaments.

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Europe’s union becomes tangible for its citizens. In Schengen in Luxembourg, Germany, France and the Benelux countries agree to end internal border controls. Other countries follow.

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Europe gives itself a common currency. In initially 12 EU member states, the cash euro is introduced; it had served as book money since 1999. The new European Central Bank (ECB) is based in Frankfurt/Main.

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On 1 May Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Malta, and Cyprus join the EU. Bulgaria and Romania follow three years later; Croatia in 2013.

EU gemeinsam in der Welt
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The EU presents a united front to the world. The Lisbon Treaty institutionalises the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) to a greater extent. The Union’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy chairs the Foreign Affairs Council and simultaneously serves as Vice President of the European Commission. He is supported by the recently established European External Action Service (EEAS).

EU erhält Friedensnobelpreis
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The EU decides to introduce the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). In the light of the lessons learned from the financial crisis it will, under strict conditions, support members who have got into difficulty. Furthermore, the EU receives the Nobel Peace Prize. German politician Martin Schulz becomes President of the European Parliament and remains in office until 2017.

Auge auf den Euro
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Likewise in response to the financial crisis, the Banking Union is created. The same regulations now apply for financial institutes throughout Euroland. They are intended to guarantee that banks only take minimal risks and that possible burdens on taxpayers are reduced.

Ursula von der Leyen
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As its President, Ursula von der Leyen becomes the first woman to head the EU Commission. She is the second German in the position following Walter Hallstein, who was in office from 1958 until 1967.

Brexit Flaggen EU und Großbritannien
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At the end of January Great Britain leaves the EU. “Brexit” is the result of a referendum held in 2016. EU regulations continue to apply for Great Britain for a transition period lasting until the end of 2020.