Media and communication
Germany boasts a free and broadly representative media world. Over the past few years, digitisation has significantly changed the way people utilise the media.
Guaranteed freedom of the press
The media sector
Around 63 million people in Germany are online, and daily newspapers are increasing their digital reach, too. In terms of media usage, however, television and radio continue to play the biggest role.
After the end of Nazi rule, in Germany initially newspapers may only appear under Allied licence. In the US zone of occupation the first licence is awarded on 1 August 1945 to the Frankfurter Rundschau.
The six West German broadcasting houses agree in Bremen to join forces to form the “Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland,” or ARD broadcaster.
In Ludwigshafen the Programm-gesellschaft für Kabel- und Satellitenrundfunk, or PKS for short, starts broadcasting. This marks the birth of private TV channels in Germany.
The first German newspaper, namely the leftist/liberal taz, goes online only six years after the foundation of the World Wide Web. After its go-live, the membership of the digitaz community surges.
About 4.1 million German citizens over the age of 14 use the new online access channels at least occasionally. In 2014, the figure rises to around 55.6 million, or 79.1 percent of the over-14s in Germany.
Around 93% of people in Germany (78 million) are online, and 87% use social media (73 million). The average user has five accounts. There are 118 million mobile phones for 83.2 million people.
Freedom of opinion and freedom of the press are anchored in law in article 5 of the German Basic Law.
Journalists from 60 different countries work out of Berlin.
63 million people in Germany – around 90 percent of the German-speaking population above 14 years old – use the Internet.
38 million users
The number of people active on social media networks in Germany.
After China, India, Japan and the USA, Germany is the world’s fifth-biggest market for newspapers.