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Europe

Franco-German friendship – a driving force

Germany and France share an eventful history. As partners they feel themselves particularly responsible for the future of Europe.
Macron, Merkel
Emmanuel Macron, Angela Merkel © dpa

France is Germany’s most important partner in Europe. Parallel to European integration, after the Second World War both countries established a close partnership, which nowadays is often regarded as a model for reconciliation between two nations. In 1957, both countries were amongst the six founding members of the European Economic Community (EEC), the core of today’s EU. Franco-German friendship, sealed by the 1963 Elysée Treaty, is nurtured by close relations at the level of civil society and by numerous Franco-German institutions.

Signed in January 2019, the “Treaty of Aachen” follows on from the Élysée Treaty and realigns Franco-German relations for future challenges. Amongst other things, in it Germany and France agree to work closely to advance the European Union along with the other EU Member States, and to promote even further all those aspects of life shared by German and French citizens. For this reason, as of 2019 there has been, amongst other things, a Franco-German cross-border cooperation committee, and since 2020 a Franco-German citizens’ fund.

Furthermore, the partners intend to expand their collaboration in foreign, defence, security, and development policy, as well as their cooperation in the fields of education and research – for example through the mutual recognition of qualifications. The partners will also focus more closely on global issues such as climate protection and health.

Collaboration between parliaments

The parliaments of both countries likewise have close ties. As of 2019 the Franco-German Parliamentary Assembly convenes twice a year. It is made up of 50 members each of the German Bundestag and the French National Assembly. The body’s duties include monitoring implementation of the Treaty of Aachen, further rapprochement in terms of German and French parliamentary work, and the elimination of obstacles to a Franco-German economic area.

Germany and France are each other’s most important trading partner in Europe. Airbus, the aerospace corporation, is a symbol of the success of the close cooperation between Germany and France.

Cultural exchange

Among others, the Franco-German Youth Office (FGYO) shapes exchanges between the two countries at the civil society level. It was founded on the back of the 1963 Elysée Treaty. Since then, more than nine million children and youngsters from both countries have participated in exchange programs and other FGYO activities. A dense network of twinning agreements also enables encounters between people from both countries.

The German and French cultural institutes abroad also work closely together; indeed, this can even lead to individual cultural institutes being integrated under a single roof. Since its foundation in 1991, the joint TV station arte has been an outstanding example of media collaboration in the two countries.