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Society

Enriching Diversity

Germany is defined by a pluralism of lifestyles. Demographic change is set to play a major role in the coming years.
Familie am Strand
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With some  83.1 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous nation in the European Union. The modern, cosmopolitan country has developed into an important immigration Immigration As early as the 19th century Germany attracted a large number of immigrants and since the 1950s has emerged as the European country with the largest immigrant population. In 1950, there were about 500,000 foreigners in Germany, accounting for a mere one percent or so of the population. This has… Read more › country.

Most people in Germany have a high standard of living Standard of living Germany is one of the countries with the highest standard of living in the world. According to the UN’s HDI Index, Germany is one of the most developed countries in the world in terms of life expectancy, degree of literacy and per-capita income. The healthcare system enables comprehensive medical… Read more › , on an international comparison, and the corresponding freedom to shape their own lives. The United Nations United Nations The United Nations (UN) are the foundations and cornerstone of the international system. So as to adapt it to the political realities of the present day, Germany is in favour of a reform of the UN. Since 1996 Germany, which is the fourth largest contributor to the UN budget, has been one of the UN… Read more › ’ Human Development Index (HDI) 2019 ranks Germany fourth of 189 countries. In the Nation Brands Index2019, an international survey on the image of 50 countries, Germany tops the scale for the third time in a row – and not only thanks to its high values in the areas of quality of life and social justice. Germany considers itself a welfare state Welfare state The principle of the welfare state is enshrined in Article 20 of the Basic Law and cannot be rescinded, even if the Basic Law is changed. In this way the Basic Law commits the state to protect, in addition to their freedom, the natural bases of life of its citizens. Each individual, however, also… Read more › , whose primary task is to protect all its citizens.

With pensions from age 63, the “superannuation for mothers”, and the new basic pension that will be introduced in 2021, the social security net has been strengthened still further.

Population according to migration status 2018 (in million)

Source: Destatis

Open society

German society is shaped by a pluralism of lifestyles and ethno-cultural diversity. Traditional gender role assignations are no longer rigid. As a result of inclusion measures, people with disabilities are taking an ever greater role in social life.

New ways of life and everyday realities are changing daily life in society. Legislation passed in recent years ensures social openness and acceptance, alternative ways of life and different sexual orientations. . It includes the introduction of “marriage for everyone”, which gives homosexual couples equal legal rights. In addition to male and female, as of the end of 2018 it has been possible for diverse to be given as one’s gender in the German birth register. This serves the equality of intersexual people.

Net immigration according to region of origin 2018

Source: BAMF

Opportunities for skilled workers

A good 20.8 million people in Germany have a migratory background. Germany is among those nations with liberal immigration Immigration As early as the 19th century Germany attracted a large number of immigrants and since the 1950s has emerged as the European country with the largest immigrant population. In 1950, there were about 500,000 foreigners in Germany, accounting for a mere one percent or so of the population. This has… Read more › laws. The Skilled Worker Immigration Immigration As early as the 19th century Germany attracted a large number of immigrants and since the 1950s has emerged as the European country with the largest immigrant population. In 1950, there were about 500,000 foreigners in Germany, accounting for a mere one percent or so of the population. This has… Read more › Act has been in force since March 2020 with a view to making immigration easier, in particular for qualified skilled workers from countries that are not a Member State of the European Union European Union In 1957, the Federal Republic was one of the six founder members of the current European Union (EU). Since 2013, the EU has consisted of 28 member states and the euro is the official tender in 19 of them. Germany contributes about 20% to the EU budget. Günther Oettinger (CDU), the former Prime… Read more › ,. Germany is reliant on immigration, as in future demographic change is set to shape the country more than virtually any other development. The birth rate has recently edged up, but is still a comparatively modest 1.6 children per woman. Life expectancy Life expectancy While the average life expectancy in the early 20th century was about 46, a boy in Germany born today can expect to reach the age of 78 and a girl as much as 83. Read more › is at the same time rising and currently stands at 81 years. By 2060 the population in Germany is estimated to shrink – depending on the scale of immigration to as low as 67.6 million according to the German Federal Statistical Office. At the same time, the growing number of elderly people is presenting social welfare systems with new challenges.

Socioeconomic change in Germany in recent years has led to the emergence of new social risks and stronger social diversification according to economic living conditions. Although in 2019 unemployment was at the same low level as in 1991 (on average 2.3 million), almost one in five in Germany is at risk of poverty, particularly young people, pensioners, and single parents. Moreover, social differences continue to exist between east and west.

Ever since the influx of refugees, which reached its peak in 2015, the Federal government Federal Government The Federal Government and cabinet is made up of the Federal Chancellor and the Federal Ministers. While the Chancellor holds the power to issue directives, the ministers have departmental powers, meaning that they independently run their respective ministries in the framework of those directives… Read more › ’s refugee policy has been an issue that divides people. Between 2015 and 2019 some 1.8 million people applied for asylum in Germany, many of them seeking protection from armed conflicts and persecution.