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At a glance

Federal Government

The Federal Chancellor and the federal ministers form the Federal Government, the cabinet.
Angela Merkel, Heiko Maas
Angela Merkel, Heiko Maas © Getty Images

The Federal Chancellor heads the Federal government. Together with the federal ministers he or she forms the Federal government, the cabinet. Alongside the Chancellor’s power to set policy guidelines, within these general parameters ministers on principle run their ministries independently; the collective principle also applies, whereby the Federal government settles disputes by majority decision. The federal cabinet consists of 14 ministers and the Head of the Federal Chancellery. The federal ministries are the highest federal authorities for the relevant departments. The cabinet is currently made up of seven women and nine men.

The Federal Chancellor determines and is responsible for the general guidelines of policy. The Federal Chancellery and the federal ministries employ around 18,000 people. The Federal Foreign Office and the Federal Ministry of Defence are among the ministries with large payrolls. Eight ministries are based in Berlin, six in the Federal City of Bonn. All the ministries maintain offices in both cities.

Federal Ministries

Federal Ministry of Finance
bundesfinanzministerium.de

Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community 
bmi.bund.de

Federal Foreign Office
diplo.de

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy 
bmwi.de

Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection
bmjv.de

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
bmas.de

Federal Ministry of Defence
bmvg.de

Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture
bmel.de

Federal Ministry of Family Affairs,Senior Citizens, Women and Youth
bmfsfj.de

Federal Ministry of Health
bundesgesundheitsministerium.de

Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure
bmvi.de

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety
bmu.de

Federal Ministry of Education and Research 
bmbf.de

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
bmz.de