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Education & knowledge

Dual vocational training

The German model of a dual vocational training system, which is now in demand worldwide, is successful thanks to its characteristic combination of theory and practice.
Duale Ausbildung
© Igor/stock.adobe.com

Germany’s low level of youth unemployment compared to other European countries is partly the result of its system of dual vocational training Vocational training Germany’s two-track vocational training system is quite special internationally speaking. On completing school, approximately half of young people in Germany move on to learn one of the some 330 officially recognized vocations included in the Two-Track System. This entry into professional life… Read more › , which differs from the purely school education that forms the route into working life in most countries. After finishing school, around half of young people in Germany embark on a course of training in one of the 326 occupations that are currently state-recognised and for which accredited vocational training is required within the framework of the dual system. The young people receive practical training within their companies on three to four weekdays, while on the other day(s) they receive theoretical instruction at a vocational school or college. A dual vocational training course generally lasts between two and three and a half years and the students receive pay. Every year in Germany around 500,000 new trainees learn a new profession, about two thirds of them through the dual vocational training scheme.

Duale Ausbildung
GOVET
Dual VET - Vocational Education and Training in Germany

Guaranteed high quality of training

Multiple stakeholders in Germany support the dual vocational training Vocational training Germany’s two-track vocational training system is quite special internationally speaking. On completing school, approximately half of young people in Germany move on to learn one of the some 330 officially recognized vocations included in the Two-Track System. This entry into professional life… Read more › system and ensure its quality: Hence chambers of commerce provide advice to companies providing training and assess their in-house resources, while also organizing examinations. Professional associations and employer organisations negotiate the level of remuneration during training and are involved in setting the standards for the vocational training. Government funds and oversees the public vocational training system and also supports unemployed or disadvantaged young people in their search for a place.

Major interest in the German model

This linkage of theoretical knowledge and practical professional experience is in great demand amongst many companies. Internationally too, many countries are currently adapting the German system of dual vocational training Vocational training Germany’s two-track vocational training system is quite special internationally speaking. On completing school, approximately half of young people in Germany move on to learn one of the some 330 officially recognized vocations included in the Two-Track System. This entry into professional life… Read more › . Due to the high demand, the German Federal government Federal Government The Federal Government and cabinet is made up of the Federal Chancellor and the Federal Ministers. While the Chancellor holds the power to issue directives, the ministers have departmental powers, meaning that they independently run their respective ministries in the framework of those directives… Read more › has established a central office for international collaboration in the area of vocational training (German Office for International Cooperation in Vocational Education and Training, acronym: GOVET) that is attached to the German Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB).

All the enquiries on the German vocational training system flow into GOVET – in 2019 alone the office received 239 enquiries from abroad. As part of international collaboration, the German Federal Government Federal Government The Federal Government and cabinet is made up of the Federal Chancellor and the Federal Ministers. While the Chancellor holds the power to issue directives, the ministers have departmental powers, meaning that they independently run their respective ministries in the framework of those directives… Read more › supports partner countries in the development of their own vocational training systems and thus improves opportunities for young people to learn a qualified profession.  The framework for this is the Federal Government’s strategy for international cooperation in vocational education and training, which was agreed upon in 2013 and updated in 2019.