Globalisation has brought changes to the German academic world, too. The ability to network knowledge and academics plays a major role here. In this respect, Germany has positioned itself well. More than half of its academic publications are now written by researchers working on international cooperation projects. According to data compiled for the “Wissenschaft Weltoffen 2019” report, which provides facts and figures on the international range of studies and research in Germany, there were 47,500 academic and artistic members of staff, among them 3,250 professors, who are foreign citizens working at a total of 399 higher education institutions. Since 2007, the number of foreign staff members has risen by 91 percent, meaning that international academics now make up 12 percent of the entire academic workforce. The recently simplified visa procedures for academics from non-EU member states has likewise played a role in promoting this development.
Accounting for 36 percent of the total, the largest group of foreign academic staff comes from west Europe, with Asia and the Pacific region in second place with 18 percent. The main countries of origin are Italy, China, Austria and India. In many cases higher education institutions and research organisations set up welcome centres in order to be able to give the international academics greater support when settling in. Temporary stays by researchers are also regarded as beneficial since, having returned to their home countries, these researchers often become important network partners for further collaborations.
Excellent research opportunities at non-university institutions
Many academics from abroad are attracted to Germany by the country’s excellent research infrastructure. In 2017, the four biggest non-university research institutions – the Max Planck Society Max Planck Society The Max Planck Society was founded on 26 February 1948 – as the successor to the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften, established in 1911. The 83 Max Planck institutes conduct basic research in the natural, biological and social sciences and in the humanities. The Max… Read more › , the Helmholtz Association Helmholtz Association With 18 research centres, an annual budget of EUR 4.5 billion and more than 39,000 members of staff the Helmholtz Association is Germany’s largest scientific organization. It conducts research into energy, the earth and the environment, health, aerospace, transport, materials and key technologies.→… Read more › , the Leibniz Association Leibniz Association Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) was one of the last all-round scholars. The scientific range covered by the 93 research institutes is correspondingly broad, extending from the humanities and economics through to mathematics. The focus is on applied basic research. The Leibniz institutes… Read more › and the Fraunhofer Fraunhofer Fraunhofer is engaged in applied research. Its projects are commissioned by industry and service providers as well as state-run institutions. More than 25,000 members of staff together book an annual research volume of EUR 2.3 billion. Fraunhofer runs 72 Fraunhofer institutes and research… Read more › Society – employed around 18,000 academic workers from abroad, meaning the group makes up 25 percent of all researchers at these four institutions. Furthermore, in 2017 funding organisations such as the German Academic Exchange Service ( DAAD DAAD The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) is an organization run jointly by the German institutes of higher education. Its purpose is to promote relations between higher education institutes in Germany and abroad, especially through exchange schemes between students and academics. As a rule its… Read more › ) supported around 33,000 placements for foreign guest academics and scientists. Numerous top academics from abroad, who are leading in their field, come to German universities on a Humboldt Professorship, Germany’s most highly endowed research prize, which is worth five million euros and is awarded by the Humboldt Foundation Humboldt Foundation The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation was founded in 1860 and today promotes academic collaboration between excellent foreign and German researchers. Every year it enables 2,000 international researchers to spend time working in Germany and maintains a worldwide network of some 28,000 Humboldtians… Read more › .
Germany aims to develop and expand international academic collaboration, while at the same time elevating it to the next level of quality. Amongst other things, the Federal Government Federal Government The Federal Government and cabinet is made up of the Federal Chancellor and the Federal Ministers. While the Chancellor holds the power to issue directives, the ministers have departmental powers, meaning that they independently run their respective ministries in the framework of those directives… Read more › ’s new strategy to internationalise education, science, and research resolved in 2017 serves as the basis for this.
Ambitious realignment of the internationalisation strategy
The internationalisation strategy responds to growing globalisation, digitisation, the advance of the European Research Area, and the emergence of new, global innovation centres outside established scientific hubs. The focus is on promoting international networking, world-wide cooperation in vocational training Vocational training Germany’s two-track vocational training system is quite special internationally speaking. On completing school, approximately half of young people in Germany move on to learn one of the some 330 officially recognized vocations included in the Two-Track System. This entry into professional life… Read more › , partnerships with the Global South and emerging markets, and transnational efforts to overcome global challenges such as climate change, health, and food security. Strengthening the European Research Area plays a special role in strengthening Germany’s position as a study and research space that is internationally attractive.