Global trade partner
Germany is one of the world’s strongest economies. As an exporter, Germany is committed to free markets while also prioritising human rights protections in global trade.
Partner in the EU and worldwide
Germany is particularly strong in exports. Thanks to its numerous trade agreements, the country has secure trading relationships.
The five largest German companies
More than 99 percent
The greatest proportion of companies in Germany form part of the “Mittelstand”, the segment consisting of small and medium-sized companies.
Around 132,000 patents
Germany is European champion when it comes to innovation.
One in two euros
Around half of all profits made in Germany come from trade with other countries.
7 million employees
The number of people working for German companies abroad.
140 Chambers of Commerce Abroad
Germany is committed to open markets, fair and free trade, and vibrant commercial interaction.
A modern trading nation
Germany continues to rely on its great expertise in industry whilst remaining a driver of digital progress.
The five largest trading nations
The success story of the German economy
Important milestones on Germany’s path to becoming a global player
On 5 August the one millionth VW Beetle leaves the assembly line in Wolfsburg. An absolute top seller, the car becomes a symbol of what went down in history as the Economic Miracle.
In Toulouse (France) the Airbus consortium is founded as a Franco-German joint venture. Today, Airbus S.A.S. is the world’s second-largest aircraft manufacturer.
Postal Reform I marks the beginning of the privatisation of the giant publicly-owned corporation that is Deutsche Bundespost. The privatisation is regarded as one of the biggest reforms in German economic history.
The Treuhandanstalt, a government-owned but independent trust agency, begins transforming the socialist planned economy of the former East Germany with its several thousand state-owned enterprises into a market economy.
From 1948 until 1998 the Deutsche Mark is the official currency as “book money”, until 2001 as cash. It is replaced on 1 January 2002: Germany and 11 other EU Member States introduce the euro.
In January 2018 the German share index DAX reaches an all-time high of 13,595 points. It reflects the performance of the 30 biggest German companies with the highest sales.
In May 2020, the Corona pandemic meant 7.3 million employees were working reduced hours – more than ever before. The system involves a temporary reduction in working hours, whereby compensation is provided for a portion of workers’ lost earnings. The aim here is to avoid redundancies.