Germany boasts around 1,000 publicly financed research facilities. Alongside higher education institutions, it is primarily four large, non-university research organisations that form the backbone of the research sector. Founded in 1948, the Max Planck Society Max Planck Society The Max Planck Society was founded on 26 February 1948 – as the successor to the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften, established in 1911. The 83 Max Planck institutes conduct basic research in the natural, biological and social sciences and in the humanities. The Max… Read more › (MPG) is the most important centre for conducting basic research outside universities in the natural sciences, life sciences, social sciences, and the humanities. Around 15,000 researchers, 54 percent of them international scientists, work at the 86 Max Planck Institutes and research institutions, including outside of Germany. The Max Planck Institutes are involved in over 3,000 projects with more than 5,500 international partners in over 110 countries. Since it was established, the Max Planck Society has produced 18 Nobel laureates, and since 1979 it has supported around 4,500 inventions through to market launch, of which it registers about 60 annually for patents.
The Helmholtz Association Helmholtz Association With 18 research centres, an annual budget of EUR 4.5 billion and more than 39,000 members of staff the Helmholtz Association is Germany’s largest scientific organization. It conducts research into energy, the earth and the environment, health, aerospace, transport, materials and key technologies.→… Read more › conducts cutting-edge research in six fields: energy, earth, environment, health, key technologies and matter, as well as aeronautics, space and transport. The Helmholtz scientists concentrate on highly complex systems and projects. With around 42,000 staff members at the 19 independent Helmholtz centres, including the German Aerospace Center (DLR) which boasts more than 50 institutes, it is Germany’s biggest research organisation.
With 74 institutes, the Fraunhofer Fraunhofer Fraunhofer is engaged in applied research. Its projects are commissioned by industry and service providers as well as state-run institutions. More than 25,000 members of staff together book an annual research volume of EUR 2.3 billion. Fraunhofer runs 72 Fraunhofer institutes and research… Read more › -Gesellschaft is considered to be the largest application-oriented development organisation in Europe. Its most important fields of research are, for example, health and the environment, mobility and transportation, and energy and raw materials. With subsidiaries, branches and representatives in no less than ten European countries, two in each of North and South America and in six Asian countries, as well as in South Africa and Israel, it has a truly global research reach.
The Leibniz Association Leibniz Association Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) was one of the last all-round scholars. The scientific range covered by the 93 research institutes is correspondingly broad, extending from the humanities and economics through to mathematics. The focus is on applied basic research. The Leibniz institutes… Read more › is the umbrella connecting 96 independent research institutions that range in focus from the natural sciences, engineering, and environmental sciences through economics, spatial, and social sciences to the humanities. A focus common to the 10,000 researchers is knowledge transfer to policy makers, industry, and the general public.
The German Research Foundation German Research Foundation The German Research Foundation (DFG – Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) is science’s central self- governing organization. It supports research projects, whereby funds are channeled primarily into institutes of higher education. It also promotes collaboration between researchers and advises… Read more › (DFG), Europe’s largest organisation of this kind, is responsible for funding science and research. Alongside its head office in Bonn, the DFG maintains offices in China, Japan, India, Russia, and North and Latin America, and promotes cooperation between researchers in Germany and fellow researchers abroad – particularly, but by no means only, in the European Research Area.