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Sustainability and environment

Germany works with its partners to promote sustainable global development. German policy is guided by the United Nations’ 17 sustainable development goals.

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Responsible action

In its sustainability strategy, Germany aligns its approach with the 2030 Agenda and other guiding principles set by the United Nations. Numerous national initiatives contribute to its successful implementation.

Nachhaltige Entwicklung

Fostering sustainable Development

The sustainable development of all nations lays the foundations for a peaceful future. It’s a goal to which the Federal Government is firmly committed.
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Power generation in Germany in 2020 (gross power generation in per cent)

Source: Destatis
drinking water

The 2030 Agenda as a compass

The international community has set itself ambitious targets for sustainable development. Germany and its partners are doing their part to bring about change.
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Facts and figures

© dpa
Arbeiter auf Windrad
© dpa
304,400 people employed in renewable energies
A total of around 700,000 people work in Germany’s energy industry.
© dpa
© dpa
9 % more power from renewable energies
This means that in 2019 Germany generated 19.5 billion kWh more power from renewable sources than in 2018.
© dpa
© dpa
35 % reduction in greenhouse gas emissions
(1990 – 2019) In 2019 alone, greenhouse gas emissions in Germany fell by 6.3 %.
© dpa
© dpa
12 % fall in primary energy consumption
(1990 – 2019) Primary energy consumption has been falling in Germany since the start of the 1990s.
1.85 million km of power lines
More than 80 percent of these run under the ground, while around 324,000 km are overhead power lines.

Sustainable Economy

Germany is one of the most sustainable industrial countries. Many companies are committing to their social responsibility.
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Carbon dioxide emissions in 2019/worldwide share

(in per cent, Source: EU Commission)

A green future

Germany is committed to protecting the environment and biodiversity. At the same time, through its energy transition strategy the country is tapping ecological and economic opportunities.

Lebenswichtige Vielfalt
© Eric/
Essential Diversity

16 national parks and 18 biosphere reserves between the North Sea and the Alps afford many rare animal and plant species special protection.

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Zukunftsbranche Greentech
Greentech – A Sector with a Future

Environmental technology from Germany is in international demand. The sector is an important growth market.

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© Czauderna
Sustainable Tourism

The Corona pandemic has severely limited travel. Prior to this, the industry was growing steadily – including in the segment of eco-tourism.

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Biosphärenreservate Deutschland

Mobility of the future

Germany is speeding up the roll-out of electromobility infrastructure and investing heavily in research into innovative technologies such as hydrogen-based propulsion. Thus, the country is laying the foundations for a transition to green mobility. Another important factor here is modern, attractive local public transport.

Autos an Ladesäulen
Electromobility as an important future issue in the environmental sector

The forecast is that by 2030 between seven and ten million electric vehicles will be registered in Germany. Efforts are underway to promote research and development in the field.

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© Tim Siegert-batcam/
For the mobility of the future

Germany fosters innovative approaches in mobility, with digitization playing an important role.

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Eco Bus
© agaten/
Making local public transport more attractive

Buses and trains are a crucial factor for the mobility transition in Germany. Bicycles are also returning to prominence.

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