Fostering sustainable Development
As a cornerstone of a global structural and peace policy German development policy is geared to helping improve living conditions in partner countries. It aims to overcome hunger and poverty worldwide and strengthen democracy and the rule of law.
Reform concept “BMZ 2030”
With the “BMZ 2030” programme, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has reformed state development cooperation with the aim of making it more effective and more efficient. The overriding goal remains overcoming hunger and poverty in the world.
State cooperation is dependent on good governance, upholding human rights and fighting corruption, amongst other things. In terms of specific topics, “BMZ 2030” has established new focus areas in climate protection, health and family policy, sustainable supply chains, use of digitisation and strengthening of private investments.
The concept provides for new categories of partnership to ensure more scope for strategic and flexible responses within the collaboration. Some countries no longer need any direct support, while others show little will for reform. Hence the number of partner countries Germany works with directly has been cut from 85 to 60. Cooperation with civil society players, however, is being pursued in all countries.
In 2019 Germany just failed to achieve the goal set by the United Nations of investing 0.7 percent of gross domestic product in development cooperation, achieving 0.6 percent instead. On an international scale, with 23.81 billion dollars, Germany was again the second-largest donor country for public development cooperation in 2019 after the USA. The various country projects are managed by implementing organisations, as a rule Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the KfW Group, and also others.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Global development in the coming years will be decisively influenced by the 2030 Agenda as resolved by the 70th Session of the UN General Assembly at the end of September 2015. The core of the Agenda 2030 are the 17 ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Global realisation of the Agenda can lay the foundations for global economic progress in harmony with social justice and within Earth’s ecological limits.
Pursuit of the UN’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2000-15 succeeded in halving poverty worldwide and, amongst other things, improving access to drinking water and education. The major goal of eliminating extreme poverty by 2030 thus seems achievable. Nevertheless, problems such as the overly great use of resources, ongoing climate change and the destruction of the environment, high unemployment and social inequality, remain urgent.
In addition to the fight against starvation and poverty, planet Earth, as the basis of existence of future generations, will be protected; economic systems and lifestyles will become more just, more sustainable, and more efficient, and discrimination will be fought. Ultimately the agreement for ensuring sustainability in the future needs a “multi-player” approach: The plan envisages that in addition to governments, above all social groups and the worlds of business and scholarship play important roles in the implementation of Agenda 2030.